Resident foreign nationals are foreign nationals who reside in Switzerland for a longer period of time for a certain purpose, with or without gainful employment.
The residence permit for EU/EFTA nationals is valid for five years. It is issued if the foreign national is in possession of an employment contract of at least twelve months’ duration or of unlimited duration. Additional temporary regulations apply for EU-2 (Bulgaria and Romania) nationals.
The residence permit will be renewed for another five years if the foreign national satisfies the requirements. First-time renewal of the permit can be limited to one year, however, if the holder has been involuntarily unemployed for more than twelve consecutive months. Nationals from all EU/EFTA member states without gainful employment are entitled to a B permit if they can prove they have sufficient financial means and adequate health and accident insurance.