EU/EFTA Citizens: Living and Working in Switzerland

EU/EFTA
EU/EFTA

Are you planning to work in Switzerland, to join your spouse or family or to study at a Swiss university?

The conditions applicable for a residence in Switzerland are dependent on both your nationality as well as on the reason for your stay.

You will find the documents relevant to your stay in the table below (according to your nationality).

EU-28/EFTA

Countries of the EU-28/EFTA

Austria   Finland   Latvia   Portugal  
Belgium   France   Liechtenstein   Romania  
Bulgaria   Germany   Lithuania   Slovakia  
Croatia   Greece   Luxemburg   Slovenia  
Czech Republic   Hungary   Malta   Spain  
Cyprus   Iceland   Netherlands   Schweden  
Denmark   Ireland   Norway   United Kingdom  
Estonia   Italy   Poland    

Factsheets

EU-27/EFTA

Countries of the EU-27/EFTA

Austria   France   Liechtenstein   Romania  
Belgium   Germany   Lithuania   Slovakia  
Bulgaria   Greece   Luxemburg   Slovenia  
Czech Republic   Hungary   Malta   Spain  
Cyprus   Iceland   Netherlands   Schweden  
Denmark   Ireland   Norway   United Kingdom  
Estonia   Italy   Poland    
Finland   Latvia   Portugal    

Factsheets

EU-17/EFTA

EU-17/EFTA citizens have full rights to freedom of movement since 1 June 2007.

Countries of the EU-17/EFTA

Austria   France   Italy   Norway  
Belgium   Germany   Liechtenstein   Portugal  
Cyprus   Greece   Luxemburg   Sweden  
Denmark   Iceland   Malta   Spain  
Finland   Ireland   Netherlands   United Kingdom  

Factsheets

(Most of these documents are not available in English)

EU-8

EU-8 citizens have full rights to freedom of movement since 1 May 2011.

Countries of the EU-8

Czech Republic   Latvia   Poland   Slovenia  
Estonia   Lithuania   Slovakia   Hungary  

Factsheets

(Most of these documents are not available in English)

Bulgaria and Romania (EU-2)

Bulgaria and Romania (EU-2)

Until 31 May 2016, the following restrictions remain effective for EU-2 nationals who take up employment in Switzerland: increasing annual quotas, national worker priority, and control of wage and working conditions. When staying in Switzerland without gainful activity (students, pensioners, etc.) and in matters of family reunion, citizens of all EU-27 and EFTA states enjoy the same rights.

Self-employed EU-2 nationals in Switzerland are subject to the same conditions as EU-25/EFTA nationals. Applicants must provide the cantonal authorities with proof of their self-employment in Switzerland (start-up capital, business plan etc.). Self-employed EU-27/EFTA citizens may not take up the self-employed activity until the application has been processed and a residence permit has been issued.

EU-2 nationals providing services are also subject to restrictions in certain branches. Further information can be found here: Registration procedure

Factsheets

(Most of these documents are not available in English)

Croatia

Croatia

Croatia became the 28th member of the European Union (EU) on 1 July 2013. Croatia’s accession does not have any immediate bearing on the Agreement of Free Movement of Persons (AFM) concluded between Switzerland and the EU because each time a new member joins the EU, the agreement is supplemented by an additional protocol.

The agreement was extended to Croatia through Protocol III, which was initialled in 2013. The protocol envisages the full free movement of persons with Croatia following a ten-year transitional period.

On 9 February 2014, the Swiss electorate adopted a popular initiative aimed at stopping mass immigration. As a result, the Federal Council is no longer in a position to sign Protocol III in its original version because it violates the new constitutional provisions.

The admission of Croatian nationals to Switzerland is therefore still subject to the provisions of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA). From 1 July 2014, Croatian nationals will be subject to separate quotas on access to the Swiss labour market. These quotas comprise 50 one-year B permits and 450 short-term L permits.

Factsheets

(Most of these documents are not available in English)

Permits

The cantons are competent for issuing permits. For detailed information on the application procedure (where to apply, which form to fill out, how long it will take, etc.), please contact the competent cantonal authorities: